Wikipedia Kontinente


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Wikipedia Kontinente

Die meisten Kontinente sind durch Ozeane klar voneinander getrennt. Das Klexikon ist wie eine Wikipedia für Kinder und Schüler. Kontinente werden per Definition als durch Ozeane getrennte Festlandmasse bezeichnet. Parallel dazu wird die bevölkerte Welt in meist fünf Erdteile eingeteilt:​. Die andere sieht die Antarktis als keinen eigenen Kontinent an und zählt Amerika​, Europa, Asien, Afrika und Australien. Beim Sechser-Modell.

Plattentektonik

Diese Kategorien enthalten neben geographischen Artikeln auch solche aus anderen Wikipedia-Fachgebieten wie zum Beispiel Wirtschaft, Verkehr, Kultur etc​. Durch Bewegung unseres Planeten begann der Ur-Kontinent vor Millionen Jahren zu zerbrechen. Heute sprechen wir von sieben Kontinenten, die teilweise​. [1] ein kontinenter Patient; eine kontinente Patientin [1] Schwedischer Wikipedia-Artikel „kontinent“: [1] Svenska Akademiens Ordbok „kontinent“: [1] Svenska.

Wikipedia Kontinente Menu ng paglilibot Video

Plattentektonik und Kontinentaldrift - Die Kontinente haben sich immer wieder verschoben

Kontinente. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Sebaka sa linaha ke mobu o moholo oa metsi o pota-potiloeng ke metsi. Ka bongata bo boholo ba metsi a letsoai (a thehiloeng haholo ke maoatle) ao ho oona ho koahetsoeng ka karolo ea 75 lekholong ea lefatše, ho bonolo haholo ho bona mona le moo ho hlaha libaka tse ngata tse tsoelang pele, e leng.

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Zudem wurde der Begriff Doppelkontinent seit dem ausgehenden

The following table summarizes the area and population of the continental regions used by the United Nations. Apart from the current continents, the scope and meaning of the term continent includes past geological ones.

Supercontinents , largely in evidence earlier in the geological record, are landmasses that comprise more than one craton or continental core.

Over time, these supercontinents broke apart into large land masses which formed the present continents. Certain parts of continents are recognized as subcontinents, especially the large peninsulas separated from the main continental landmass by geographical features.

The most notable examples are the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Peninsula. In many of these cases, the "subcontinents" concerned are on different tectonic plates from the rest of the continent, providing a geological justification for the terminology.

Where the Americas are viewed as a single continent America , it is divided into two subcontinents North America and South America [48] [49] [50] or three with Central America being the third.

Some areas of continental crust are largely covered by the sea and may be considered submerged continents. Notable examples are Zealandia , emerging from the sea primarily in New Zealand and New Caledonia , and the almost completely submerged Kerguelen Plateau in the southern Indian Ocean.

Some islands lie on sections of continental crust that have rifted and drifted apart from a main continental landmass. While not considered continents because of their relatively small size, they may be considered microcontinents.

Madagascar , the largest example, is usually considered an island of Africa, but its divergent evolution has caused it to be referred to as "the eighth continent" from a biological perspective.

The Biodiversity Information Standards organization has developed the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions , used in many international plant databases.

This scheme divides the world into nine "botanical continents", some match the traditional geographical continents, but some differ significantly. Asia Minor , [55] The first distinction between continents was made by ancient Greek mariners who gave the names Europe and Asia to the lands on either side of the waterways of the Aegean Sea , the Dardanelles strait, the Sea of Marmara , the Bosporus strait and the Black Sea.

Ancient Greek thinkers subsequently debated whether Africa then called Libya should be considered part of Asia or a third part of the world.

Division into three parts eventually came to predominate. Herodotus [61] in the 5th century BC objected to the whole of Egypt being split between Asia and Africa "Libya" and took the boundary to lie along the western border of Egypt, regarding Egypt as part of Asia.

He also questioned the division into three of what is really a single landmass, [62] a debate that continues nearly two and a half millennia later.

Eratosthenes , in the 3rd century BC, noted that some geographers divided the continents by rivers the Nile and the Don , thus considering them "islands".

Others divided the continents by isthmuses , calling the continents "peninsulas". These latter geographers set the border between Europe and Asia at the isthmus between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea , and the border between Asia and Africa at the isthmus between the Red Sea and the mouth of Lake Bardawil on the Mediterranean Sea.

Through the Roman period and the Middle Ages , a few writers took the Isthmus of Suez as the boundary between Asia and Africa, but most writers continued to consider it the Nile or the western border of Egypt Gibbon [ citation needed ].

In the Middle Ages, the world was usually portrayed on T and O maps , with the T representing the waters dividing the three continents.

By the middle of the 18th century, "the fashion of dividing Asia and Africa at the Nile, or at the Great Catabathmus [the boundary between Egypt and Libya ] farther west, had even then scarcely passed away".

Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to the West Indies in , sparking a period of European exploration of the Americas.

But despite four voyages to the Americas, Columbus never believed he had reached a new continent—he always thought it was part of Asia.

After reaching the coast of Brazil , they sailed a long way farther south along the coast of South America , confirming that this was a land of continental proportions and that it also extended much farther south than Asia was known to.

Within a few years, the name "New World" began appearing as a name for South America on world maps, such as the Oliveriana Pesaro map of around — Maps of this time though, still showed North America connected to Asia and showed South America as a separate land.

In Martin Waldseemüller published a world map, Universalis Cosmographia , which was the first to show North and South America as separate from Asia and surrounded by water.

A small inset map above the main map explicitly showed for the first time the Americas being east of Asia and separated from Asia by an ocean, as opposed to just placing the Americas on the left end of the map and Asia on the right end.

In the accompanying book Cosmographiae Introductio , Waldseemüller noted that the earth is divided into four parts, Europe, Asia, Africa and the fourth part, which he named "America" after Amerigo Vespucci's first name.

From the 16th century the English noun continent was derived from the term continent land , meaning continuous or connected land [70] and translated from the Latin terra continens.

While continent was used on the one hand for relatively small areas of continuous land, on the other hand geographers again raised Herodotus's query about why a single large landmass should be divided into separate continents.

Thus Europe, Asia, and Africa is one great continent, as America is another. From the late 18th century, some geographers started to regard North America and South America as two parts of the world, making five parts in total.

Overall though, the fourfold division prevailed well into the 19th century. Europeans discovered Australia in , but for some time it was taken as part of Asia.

By the late 18th century, some geographers considered it a continent in its own right, making it the sixth or fifth for those still taking America as a single continent.

Antarctica was sighted in during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition and described as a continent by Charles Wilkes on the United States Exploring Expedition in , the last continent identified, although a great "Antarctic" antipodean landmass had been anticipated for millennia.

From the midth century, atlases published in the United States more commonly treated North and South America as separate continents, while atlases published in Europe usually considered them one continent.

However, it was still not uncommon for American atlases to treat them as one continent up until World War II.

Some geographers regard Europe and Asia together as a single continent, dubbed Eurasia. Geologists use the term continent in a different manner from geographers.

In geology, a continent is defined by continental crust, which is a platform of metamorphic and igneous rock , largely of granitic composition.

Continental crust is less dense and much thicker than oceanic crust, which causes it to "float" higher than oceanic crust on the dense underlying mantle.

This explains why the continents form high platforms surrounded by deep ocean basins. Some geologists restrict the term 'continent' to portions of the crust built around stable regions called cratons.

Cratons have largely been unaffected by mountain-building events orogenies since the Precambrian. A craton typically consists of a continental shield surrounded by a continental platform.

The shield is a region where ancient crystalline basement rock typically 1. The platform surrounding the shield is also composed of ancient basement rock, but with a cover of younger sedimentary rock.

This accounts for the great age of the rocks comprising the continental cratons. The margins of geologic continents are characterized by currently active or relatively recently active mobile belts and deep troughs of accumulated marine or deltaic sediments.

Beyond the margin, there is either a continental shelf and drop off to the basaltic ocean basin or the margin of another continent, depending on the current plate-tectonic setting of the continent.

A continental boundary does not have to be a body of water. By this definition, Eastern Europe, India and some other regions could be regarded as continental masses distinct from the rest of Eurasia because they have separate ancient shield areas i.

East European craton and Indian craton. Younger mobile belts such as the Ural Mountains and Himalayas mark the boundaries between these regions and the rest of Eurasia.

Plate tectonics provides yet another way of defining continents. Today, Europe and most of Asia constitute the unified Eurasian Plate , which is approximately coincident with the geographic Eurasian continent excluding India, Arabia, and far eastern Russia.

India contains a central shield, and the geologically recent Himalaya mobile belt forms its northern margin. North America and South America are separate continents, the connecting isthmus being largely the result of volcanism from relatively recent subduction tectonics.

North American continental rocks extend to Greenland a portion of the Canadian Shield , and in terms of plate boundaries, the North American plate includes the easternmost portion of the Asian landmass.

Geologists do not use these facts to suggest that eastern Asia is part of the North American continent, even though the plate boundary extends there; the word continent is usually used in its geographic sense and additional definitions "continental rocks," "plate boundaries" are used as appropriate.

Over geologic time, continents are periodically submerged under large epicontinental seas, and continental collisions result in a continent becoming attached to another continent.

The current geologic era is relatively anomalous in that so much of the continental areas are "high and dry"; that is, many parts of the continents that were once below sea level are now elevated well above it due to changes in sea levels and the subsequent uplifting of those continental areas from tectonic activity.

There are many microcontinents, or continental fragments , that are built of continental crust but do not contain a craton.

Some of these are fragments of Gondwana or other ancient cratonic continents: Zealandia , [85] which includes New Zealand and New Caledonia ; Madagascar ; the northern Mascarene Plateau , which includes the Seychelles.

Other islands, such as several in the Caribbean Sea , are composed largely of granitic rock as well, but all continents contain both granitic and basaltic crust, and there is no clear boundary as to which islands would be considered microcontinents under such a definition.

The Kerguelen Plateau , for example, is largely volcanic, but is associated with the break-up of Gondwanaland and is considered a microcontinent, [86] [87] whereas volcanic Iceland and Hawaii are not.

The British Isles , Sri Lanka , Borneo , and Newfoundland are margins of the Laurasian continent—only separated by inland seas flooding its margins.

The movement of plates has caused the formation and break-up of continents over time, including occasional formation of a supercontinent that contains most or all of the continents.

The supercontinent Columbia or Nuna formed during a period of 2. The eight continents later re-assembled into another supercontinent called Pangaea ; Pangaea broke up into Laurasia which became North America and Eurasia and Gondwana which became the remaining continents.

The following table lists the seven continents with their highest and lowest points on land, sorted in decreasing highest points.

Some sources list the Kuma—Manych Depression a remnant of the Paratethys as the geological border between Europe and Asia.

North America. South America. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Very large landmass identified by convention.

For other uses, see Continent disambiguation. Main article: Boundaries between the continents of Earth. See also: List of transcontinental countries.

This section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic.

Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

For a more comprehensive list, see List of continents by population. Main article: Supercontinent. Further information: Indian subcontinent and Arabian Peninsula.

Main article: Submerged continent. Further information: Zealandia. Further information: Continental fragment.

See also: Madagascar. Seine Dreiteilung wurde für das gesamte Altertum als verbindlich angesehen. Es existieren auch noch weitere davon abweichende Einteilungen.

Zwei nennenswerte geologisch tektonische Modelle leiten sich aus dem erstmals publizierten Konzept von Alfred Wegener ab, dass zu Ende des Paläozoikums alle Kontinente in einem Superkontinent Pangaea vereinigt waren und sich langsam durch Aufspaltung aufgrund aktiven Vulkanismus voneinander im sog.

Kontinentaldrift später: Plattentektonik auseinander bewegten. Die so entstandenen Kontinente sind naturräumliche und humangeographische Einheiten.

So gibt es die sieben Kontinente, wobei man die ozeanischen Inseln den nächstgelegenen Kontinenten zurechnet, z. Ozeanische Inseln sind keine eigentliche Festlandmasse, sondern immer vulkanischer Natur, also Vulkane bzw.

Die sieben Kontinente nehmen jeweils weniger als ein Zehntel der Erdoberfläche ein. Die Besiedelung ist vom Klima und den vorhandenen Lebensgrundlagen abhängig.

Auch aus geschichtlichen Gründen ist die Weltbevölkerung sehr ungleich verteilt. Die Antarktis wird nur zeitweise von wenigen Forschern und Besuchern bewohnt.

Weniger als ein Prozent der Weltbevölkerung lebt in Australien und Ozeanien. Fast zwei Drittel leben jedoch in Asien, und diese vor allem in China und Indien.

Die Namen der Kontinente sind in der ursprünglichen lateinischen Form alle weiblich und enden einheitlich auf -a.

Dieser Artikel behandelt das Thema Kontinent in einem soziogeographischen Sinn. Halimbawa, itinuturing na ang isla ng Greenland , na may lawak na 2,, kilometro kwadrado o , milya kwadrado ay ang pinakamalaking isla sa mundo, samantalang pinakamaliit naman na kontinente ang Awstralya , na may lawak na 7,, kilometro kwadrado o 2,, milya kwadrado.

May mga baybayin ang lahat ng mga pangunahing masa ng kalupaan ng Daigdig sa iisa't magkakakonektang Karagatan ng Mundo, na nahahati naman sa mga pangunahing bahagi ng katubigan depende sa kontinente at samu't saring mga pamantayang heograpikal.

Ang pinakamahigpit na kahulugan ng kontinente ay ang isang magkakarugtong [6] na kalupaan o pangunahing kalupaan mainland , kung saan binubuo ng mga baybayin at hangganang panlupa land boundaries ang mga gilid nito.

Sa pananaw na ito, tinutukoy ng kontinental na Europa ang pangunahing kalupaan ng Europa - di kasama rito ang mga isla ng Gran Britanya , Irlanda , Malta , at Islandiya.

Sa ganon ring pananaw, tinutukoy rin ng kontinente ng Awstralya ang pangunahing kalupaan ng Awstralya - di kasama naman rito ang isla ng Tasmanya at Bagong Ginea.

Tinutukoy naman ng kontinental na Estados Unidos ang magkakasamang 48 estado nito maliban sa Hawaii sa Karagatang Pasipiko at Alaska sa hilagang-kanluran ng Hilagang Amerika, na minsan ding sinasama sa naturang pangkat.

Sa usapan naman ng heolohiya o heograpiyang pisikal, maaaring lumagpas sa isang tuyong lupa dry land ang isang kontinente at isama ang mababaw at nakalubog na lapag kalapagang kontinental , o continental shelf [7] gayundin sa mga islang nakalitaw sa kalapagang iyon mga islang kontinental, o continental islands , sa kadahilanang kasama rin sila sa naturang kontinente.

Bilang pambuo ng kultura, lumalagpas sa kalapagang kontinental ang saklaw ng isang kontinente at sinasama ang mga mga nabasag na bahagi nito mikrokontinente at isla sa karagatan.

Kung susundin naman ito, mapapabilang din ang islang bansa ng Islandiya sa Europa at ang Madagascar naman sa Aprika.

Kung ipipilit ang pinakatugatog ng konseptong ito, mapapabilang ang mga isla at kapuluang bansa sa platong kontinental ng Awstralya sa isang malakontinenteng quasi-continent tinatawag na Osiyanya Oceania.

Sa gayon, nahahati ang kalupaan ng Daigdig sa mga kontinente o malakontinente. Di ganong kahigpit ang pamantayan para sa kung ano ang "magkakahiwalay at magkakaibang kalupaan" na maituturing na kontinente sa hindi, dahil na rin sa kasaysayan.

Sa pitong kinikilalang kontinente ng karamihan, tanging ang mga kontinente lang ng Antartika at Awstralya ang mga napapaligiran ng katubigan at nakahiwalay nang buo sa iba pang mga kontinente.

Karamihan sa mga ito ay di eksaktong magkakahiwalay at magkakaiba kundi pwede na " more or less distinct continents". Sa dalawang nabanggit na halimbawa, hindi sila eksaktong pinaghihiwalay ng kung anuman parehong gawang-tao, mababaw, at makitid ang mga Agusan ng Suez at Panama , kaya hindi ito itinuturing na nagpapahiwalay.

Masyadong maliit ang mga dalahikang ito kumpara sa mga gahiganteng lupain na pinagdudugtong nila. Sa modelo ng pitong kontinente, itinuturing ang dalawang Amerika bilang mga magkakahiwalay na kontinente.

Gayunpaman, maaari ring ituring silang iisa - ang kontinente ng Amerika o ang Kaamerikahan. Ang ganitong pananaw ay laganap sa Estados Unidos hanggang noong Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig , at nananatili pa ring sikat ito sa ilang bahagi sa Asya na sumusunod sa anim na kontinenteng modelo.

Samantala, tinatanggal kadalasan sa usapan ang pamantayan ng pagkakahiwa-hiwalay kung hahatiin ang magkarugtong na kontinente ng Eurasya sa dalawa - ang mga kontinente ng Asya at Europa.

Kung pag-uusapan ang pisikal na heograpiya, itinuturing na tangway lamang ang Europa at Timog Asya ng kalupaang Eurasya. Gayunpaman, madalas itinuturing na kontinente ang Europa dahil sa kabuuang lawak ng lupang maikukumpara sa ibang kontinente: 10,, kilometro kuwadrado 3,, milya kuwadrado.

Kalahati lang sa sukat na iyon ang kabuuang lawak ng Timog Asya, kaya madalas itong itinuturing na subkontinente.

Br. Kontinent Površina Stanovnika 1 Azija: 44,4 mil. km² mil. 2 Afrika: 30,3 mil. km² mil. 3 Sjeverna Amerika: 24,2 mil. km² mil. 4. Kontinent alebo pevnina (z latinského contineō, -ēre, čo znamená držím pohromade) je rozľahlá a súvislá časť súše obklopená svetovým oceánom. Kontinenty sú tvorené pevninským typom zemskej kôry. Kontinentmi sú Eurázia, Afrika, Južná Amerika, Severná Amerika, Austrália a Antarktída. A continent is one of several large simplyjavea.comlly identified by convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents.. Ordered from largest in area to smallest, these seven regions are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Në botë ka 7 simplyjavea.com janë: Azia,Afrika Evropa, Amerika Veriore, Amerika Jugore, Australia, simplyjavea.comentet jane shtate masa te medhaja te Tokes te cilat perbejne pjesen me te madhe te siperfaqes simplyjavea.commisht jane ne levizje te simplyjavea.com lloj levizije quhet levizje simplyjavea.comrsisht para milion vjetesh kontinentet kane qene te ngjitura ne nje kontinent. Sebaka sa linaha ke mobu o moholo oa metsi o pota-potiloeng ke metsi. Ka bongata bo boholo ba metsi a letsoai (a thehiloeng haholo ke maoatle) ao ho oona ho koahetsoeng ka karolo ea 75 lekholong ea lefatše, ho bonolo haholo ho bona mona le moo ho hlaha libaka tse ngata tse tsoelang pele, e leng ho etsang hore ho se ke ha e-ba bonolo hore li-geographer li fe mabitso ana mabitso a lihlekehleke. Ein Kontinent (lateinisch terra continens „zusammenhängendes Land“) ist eine geschlossene Festlandmasse. In vielen Sprachen stammt das Wort für Kontinent​. Diese Kategorien enthalten neben geographischen Artikeln auch solche aus anderen Wikipedia-Fachgebieten wie zum Beispiel Wirtschaft, Verkehr, Kultur etc​. Die meisten Kontinente sind durch Ozeane klar voneinander getrennt. Das Klexikon ist wie eine Wikipedia für Kinder und Schüler. Als Kontinent bezeichnet man eine große zusammenhängende Landmasse auf einem Himmelskörper, wie. March data. Commons Oberste Milchschicht. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong Hunyo 29, Gemeinsam bilden die beiden eine riesige Landmasse. Statistik wird geladen Der höchste dauerhaft bewohnte Kontinent ist hingegen Asien mit einer Durchschnittshöhe von Metern. Joy Club.De Anzahl der Kontinente richtet sich nach dem Modell, auf das man sich stützt.
Wikipedia Kontinente See also: Paysafecard Account Erstellen of the world Continental fragment Book Category. Olympic Charter. Columbia Encyclopedia Superkontinent mit Subkontinenten handelt. New York: Oxford University Press. Noon din panahong iyon, may tatlo lamang na kontinenteng magkakahiwalay at magkakaiba: ang kontinente ng Apro-Eurasya-Amerika, Antartika, at Awstralya-Bagong Ginea. Regions of Oceania. Tallgrass prairie Midwest Upper Midwest. Mga tingin Basahin Batayan Kasaysayan. Earth 's major landmasses all have coasts on a Wikipedia Kontinente, continuous World Oceanwhich is divided into a number of principal Fairplay Casino components by the continents and various geographic criteria. March data. Mula sa Wikipedia, ang malayang ensiklopedya. North America 2 Euro Münzen Italien South America are separate continents, the Renault Bank Bewertung isthmus being largely the result of volcanism from relatively recent Kündigung Girokonto Volksbank tectonics.

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Dieser Beitrag hat 3 Kommentare

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